Reproduction (of original work)
It is not necessary that the entire original work be copied for an infraction of the reproduction right to occur.
All that is necessary is that the copying be "substantial and material."
Under this right, no one other than the copyright owner may make any reproductions or copies of the work.
Infringement requires a protected work, that the defendant copied the protected work, and that the defendant's copying of the protected work was an infringement.
If a work is not protectable it cannot be infringed upon.
Quoting from a book in a review might be a copying of protected material, however this copying may well be permissible.
How do I get permission to use sombody's work?
It is not illegal to copy someone's work if you ask them to do so. If they say yes than it is ok to do, but if they say no then you may NOT copy there work and must creat your own work.
Copyright does not prohibit all copying or replication.

Can I be sued for copying work? If you use a copyrighted work without authorization, the owner maybe able to sue you. There are cases under the Fair use doctrine where a quote or a sample may be used without permission.

Copyright Law
Copyright laws were enacted to protect the original expression of an idea, whether it is expressed in the form of music, art or written material.
Copyright extends to unpublished as well as published works.
The U.S. law extends copyright for 50 years beyond the life of the author
Violation of a copyright is called infringement.

1. If you don’t have a copyright and your creation or whatever is copied you can’t do a thing about it. 2. Copyright laws were made to reward the author of the created work. Also to catch those that use the true author’s work as there own and profit from it. 3. Once your term is over with your copyright and you don’t renew your rights anyone can. 4. Plagiarism is another form of breaking copyright laws. Plagiarism is when you copy and paste something word from word and use it as “your own”. 5. Coping something word from word and changing it slightly is still a violation of copyright laws. 6. Fair use is not a violation of copyright laws however. Fair use is when you copy something from a site and give credit to the real author with quotations. 7. Copyright laws are an extreme importance in society and it will be for a very long time.


Public performance is the process of when people want the public to see it. Public performance licences is basically only sold by the movie studios. This is used because only the person with he licence is allowed to pick when the movie can come out or not. Public records
Material which is comprised in public records within the meaning of the [1958 c. 51.] Public Records Act 1958, the [1937 c. 43.] Public Records (Scotland) Act 1937 or the [1923 c. 20 (N.I.).] Public Records Act (Northern Ireland) 1923 which are open to public inspection in pursuance of that Act, may be copied, and a copy may be supplied to any person, by or with the authority of any officer appointed under that Act, without infringement of copyright.Copyrighted films (and this is most of them) are not automatically licensed for public performance (this means showing a movie/film in a dorm, auditorium, or any other kind of public space). The only legal exception to this rule is if an instructor shows the video/dvd in a classroom and that the activity is for teaching (aka: face-to-face teaching).




Release Requirements
Assume all work is copyrighted. In 1978, a law was passed stating that all creative works are protected by law. Regardless of if you do or do not make profit from stealing creative works, the process is still illegal.
Step one: is the work you posted protected by copyright law?
The licensing fee for the use of a work may be more than you are willing to pay, the copyright owner may refuse you to use their work. You may have trouble identifying the copyright owner. It is important to consider when selecting a work in case getting permission for your first choice becomes impossible.
Step two: Is the permission of the artist required?

It you may not need permission in order to use the work. Sometimes this will depend on the work you choose. Other times it may depend on what you’re intending to use the work for.




Fair use- It is a part of the United States copyright law that allows people to use someone’s copyrighted works without their permission in some cases.
Fair use is based on the First Amendment of the constitution, freedom of speech.
Fair use can also be used in a person’s defense, also based on the First amendment.
Fair use in defense can be used if the work was not able to be copyrighted, if the copyright term had expired, of if the person defending themselves had only used a small amount.
You can be fined up to $150,000 for each infringement on Fair Use
Fair use --- fair use is the understanding of the United States copyright law. Giving credit to the provider or original creator of the work you are reproducing. If it was first made by you then it is ok. You are not aloud to profit from the use of others work unless given permission. The availability of copyright protection shouldn’t depend on the merit or quality of a work. The more a work is different from the original the more it is considered fair use. According to the Supreme Court of the Untied States fair use is described as affirmative defense.


Modifications
Only certain people can modify things.
For example, a document the government does not want someone to look at.
Modifications sometimes makes the problem worse.
Sometimes if the wrong person edits a page they might be fined or arrested because he/she might not have gotten permission from the creator of the work. www.google.com/modificationProticals is one good web sites that might help too.
www.modifications.com/(intellecualpropertys
Modifications are the changes of errors in work or anything that you fix. Modifications can add change to something you forgot to put there before.
Modifications done to someone's work needs their approval, if not you might get fined or put in jail.
If approved only certain parts can be modified and modifications might not be right.
You should not modify something that is right to make someone laugh you will be in trouble.